18 U.S.C. § 3014 Additional Special Assessment

LibraryUnited States Statutes
Edition2023
CurrencyCurrent through P.L. 118-34 (published on www.congress.gov on 12/26/2023), except for [P. L. 118-31]
Year2023
Citation18 U.S.C. § 3014

(a) IN GENERAL.-Beginning on the date of enactment of the Justice for Victims of Trafficking Act of 2015 and ending on December 23, 2024, in addition to the assessment imposed under section 3013, the court shall assess an amount of $5,000 on any non-indigent person or entity convicted of an offense under-

(1) chapter 77 (relating to peonage, slavery, and trafficking in persons);

(2) chapter 109A (relating to sexual abuse);

(3) chapter 110 (relating to sexual exploitation and other abuse of children);

(4) chapter 117 (relating to transportation for illegal sexual activity and related crimes); or

(5) section 274 of the Immigration and Nationality Act ( 8 U.S.C. 1324 ) (relating to human smuggling), unless the person induced, assisted, abetted, or aided only an individual who at the time of such action was the alien's spouse, parent, son, or daughter (and no other individual) to enter the United States in violation of law.

(b) SATISFACTION OF OTHER COURT-ORDERED OBLIGATIONS.-An assessment under subsection (a) shall not be payable until the person subject to the assessment has satisfied all outstanding court-ordered fines, orders of restitution, and any other obligation related to victim-compensation arising from the criminal convictions on which the special assessment is based.

(c) ESTABLISHMENT OF DOMESTIC TRAFFICKING VICTIMS' FUND.-There is established in the Treasury of the United States a fund, to be known as the "Domestic Trafficking Victims' Fund" (referred to in this section as the "Fund"), to be administered by the Attorney General, in consultation with the Secretary of Homeland Security and the Secretary of Health and Human Services.

(d) TRANSFERS.-In a manner consistent with section 3302(b) of title 31, there shall be transferred to the Fund from the General Fund of the Treasury an amount equal to the amount of the assessments collected under this section, which shall remain available until expended.

(e) USE OF FUNDS.-

(1) IN GENERAL.-From amounts in the Fund, in addition to any other amounts available, and without further appropriation, the Attorney General, in coordination with the Secretary of Health and Human Services shall, for each of fiscal years 2016 through 2027, use amounts available in the Fund to award grants or enhance victims' programming under-

(A) section 204 of the Trafficking Victims Protection Reauthorization Act of 2005 ( 34 U.S.C. 20705 );

(B) subsections (b)(2) and (f) of section 107 of the Trafficking Victims Protection Act of 2000 ( 22 U.S.C. 7105 );

(C) section 214(b) of the Victims of Child Abuse Act of 1990 ( 34 U.S.C. 20304 ); 1 and

(D) section 106 of the PROTECT Our Children Act of 2008 ( 34 U.S.C. 21116 ).

(2) LIMITATION.-Except as provided in subsection (h)(2), none of the amounts in the Fund may be used to provide health care or medical items or services.

(f) COLLECTION METHOD.-The amount assessed under subsection (a) shall, subject to subsection (b), be collected in the manner that fines are collected in criminal cases, including the mandatory imposition of civil remedies for satisfaction of an unpaid fine as authorized under section 3613, where appropriate.

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