26 U.S.C. § 5382 - Cellar treatment of natural wine
|Cite as:||26 U.S.C. § 5382|
|Currency:||Current through P.L. 116-21 (6/12/2019)|
(a) Proper cellar treatment
(1) In general
Proper cellar treatment of natural wine constitutes-
(A) subject to paragraph (2), those practices and procedures in the United States, whether historical or newly developed, of using various methods and materials to correct or stabilize the wine, or the fruit juice from which it is made, so as to produce a finished product acceptable in good commercial practice in accordance with regulations prescribed by the Secretary; and
(B) subject to paragraph (3), in the case of wine produced and imported subject to an international agreement or treaty, those practices and procedures acceptable to the United States under such agreement or treaty.
(2) Recognition of continuing treatment
For purposes of paragraph (1)(A), where a particular treatment has been used in customary commercial practice in the United States, it shall continue to be recognized as a proper cellar treatment in the absence of regulations prescribed by the Secretary finding such treatment not to be proper cellar treatment within the meaning of this subsection.
(3) Certification of practices and procedures for imported wine
(A) In general
In the case of imported wine produced after December 31, 2004, the Secretary shall accept the practices and procedures used to produce such wine, if, at the time of importation-
(i) the Secretary has on file or is provided with a certification from the government of the producing country, accompanied by an affirmed laboratory analysis, that the practices and procedures used to produce the wine constitute proper cellar treatment under paragraph (1)(A),
(ii) the Secretary has on file or is provided with such certification, if any, as may be required by an international agreement or treaty under paragraph (1)(B), or
(iii) in the case of an importer that owns or controls or that has an affiliate that owns or controls a winery operating under a basic permit issued by the Secretary, the importer certifies that the practices and procedures used to produce the wine constitute proper cellar treatment under paragraph (1)(A).
(B) Affiliate defined
For purposes of this paragraph, the term "affiliate" has the meaning given such term by section 117(a)(4) of the Federal Alcohol Administration Act ( 27 U.S.C. 211(a)(4) ) and includes a winery's parent or subsidiary or any other entity in which the winery's parent or subsidiary has an ownership interest.
(b) Specifically authorized treatments
The practices and procedures specifically enumerated in this subsection shall be deemed proper cellar treatment for natural wine:
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