15 U.S.C. § 78u-2 - Civil remedies in administrative proceedings
|Cite as:||15 U.S.C. § 78u-2|
|Currency:||Current through P.L. 116-158 (08/14/2020)|
(a) Commission authority to assess money penalties
(1) In general
In any proceeding instituted pursuant to sections 78o(b)(4), 78o(b)(6), 78o-6, 78o-4, 78o-5, 78o-7, or 78q-1 of this title against any person, the Commission or the appropriate regulatory agency may impose a civil penalty if it finds, on the record after notice and opportunity for hearing, that such penalty is in the public interest and that such person-
(A) has willfully violated any provision of the Securities Act of 1933 [ 15 U.S.C. 77a et seq.], the Investment Company Act of 1940 [ 15 U.S.C. 80a-1 et seq.], the Investment Advisers Act of 1940 [ 15 U.S.C. 80b-1 et seq.], or this chapter, or the rules or regulations thereunder, or the rules of the Municipal Securities Rulemaking Board;
(B) has willfully aided, abetted, counseled, commanded, induced, or procured such a violation by any other person;
(C) has willfully made or caused to be made in any application for registration or report required to be filed with the Commission or with any other appropriate regulatory agency under this chapter, or in any proceeding before the Commission with respect to registration, any statement which was, at the time and in the light of the circumstances under which it was made, false or misleading with respect to any material fact, or has omitted to state in any such application or report any material fact which is required to be stated therein; or
(D) has failed reasonably to supervise, within the meaning of section 78o(b)(4)(E) of this title, with a view to preventing violations of the provisions of such statutes, rules and regulations, another person who commits such a violation, if such other person is subject to his supervision; 1
(2) Cease-and-desist proceedings
In any proceeding instituted under section 78u-3 of this title against any person, the Commission may impose a civil penalty, if the Commission finds, on the record after notice and opportunity for hearing, that such person-
(A) is violating or has violated any provision of this chapter, or any rule or regulation issued under this chapter; or
(B) is or was a cause of the violation of any provision of this chapter, or any rule or regulation issued under this chapter.
(b) Maximum amount of penalty
(1) First tier
The maximum amount of penalty for each act or omission described in subsection (a) shall be $5,000 for a natural person or $50,000 for any other person.
(2) Second tier
Notwithstanding paragraph (1), the maximum amount of penalty for each such act or omission shall be $50,000 for a natural person or $250,000 for any other person if the act or omission described in subsection (a) involved fraud, deceit, manipulation, or deliberate or reckless disregard of a regulatory requirement.
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