7 U.S.C. § 7901 - Definitions
|Cite as:||7 U.S.C. § 7901|
|Currency:||Current through P.L. 116-65 (10/09/2019)|
In this chapter (other than subchapter III):
(1) Agricultural Act of 1949
The term "Agricultural Act of 1949" means the Agricultural Act of 1949 ( 7 U.S.C. 1421 et seq.), as in effect prior to the suspensions under section 7301 of this title.
(2) Base acres
The term "base acres", with respect to a covered commodity on a farm, means the number of acres established under section 7911 of this title with respect to the covered commodity on the election made by the owner of the farm under subsection (a) of such section.
(3) Counter-cyclical payment
The term "counter-cyclical payment" means a payment made to producers on a farm under section 7914 of this title.
(4) Covered commodity
The term "covered commodity" means wheat, corn, grain sorghum, barley, oats, upland cotton, rice, soybeans, and other oilseeds.
(5) Direct payment
The term "direct payment" means a payment made to producers on a farm under section 7913 of this title.
(6) Effective price
The term "effective price", with respect to a covered commodity for a crop year, means the price calculated by the Secretary under section 7914 of this title to determine whether counter-cyclical payments are required to be made for that crop year.
(7) Extra long staple cotton
The term "extra long staple cotton" means cotton that-
(A) is produced from pure strain varieties of the Barbadense species or any hybrid thereof, or other similar types of extra long staple cotton, designated by the Secretary, having characteristics needed for various end uses for which United States upland cotton is not suitable and grown in irrigated cotton-growing regions of the United States designated by the Secretary or other areas designated by the Secretary as suitable for the production of the varieties or types; and
(B) is ginned on a roller-type gin or, if authorized by the Secretary, ginned on another type gin for experimental purposes.
(8) Loan commodity
The term "loan commodity" means wheat, corn, grain sorghum, barley, oats, upland cotton, extra long staple cotton, rice, soybeans, other oilseeds, wool, mohair, honey, dry peas, lentils, and small chickpeas.
(9) Other oilseed
The term "other oilseed" means a crop of sunflower seed, rapeseed, canola, safflower, flaxseed, mustard seed, crambe, sesame seed, or, if designated by the Secretary, another oilseed.
(10) Payment acres
The term "payment acres" means 85 percent of the base acres of a covered commodity on a farm, as established under section 7911 of this title, on which direct payments and counter-cyclical payments are made.
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