21 U.S.C. § 1705 Development, Submission, Implementation, and Assessment of National Drug Control Strategy

LibraryUnited States Statutes
Edition2023 Edition
CurrencyCurrent through P.L. 118-19 (published on www.congress.gov on 10/06/2023)

(a) In general

(1) Statement of drug policy priorities

The Director shall release a statement of drug control policy priorities in the calendar year of a Presidential inauguration following the inauguration, but not later than April 1.

(2) National Drug Control Strategy submitted by the President

Not later than the first Monday in February following the year in which the term of the President commences, and every 2 years thereafter, the President shall submit to Congress a National Drug Control Strategy.

(b) Development of the National Drug Control Strategy

(1) Promulgation

The Director shall promulgate the National Drug Control Strategy, which shall set forth a comprehensive plan to reduce illicit drug use and the consequences of such illicit drug use in the United States by limiting the availability of and reducing the demand for illegal drugs and promoting prevention, early intervention, treatment, and recovery support for individuals with substance use disorders.

(2) State and local commitment

The Director shall seek the support and commitment of State, local, and Tribal officials in the formulation and implementation of the National Drug Control Strategy.

(3) Strategy based on evidence

The Director shall ensure the National Drug Control Strategy is based on the best available evidence regarding the policies that are most effective in reducing the demand for and supply of illegal drugs.

(4) Process for development and submission of National Drug Control Strategy

In developing and effectively implementing the National Drug Control Strategy, the Director-

(A) shall consult with-

(i) the heads of the National Drug Control Program agencies;

(ii) each Coordinator listed in section 1703 of this title;

(iii) the Interdiction Committee and the Emerging Threats Committee;

(iv) the appropriate congressional committees and any other committee of jurisdiction;

(v) State, local, and Tribal officials;

(vi) private citizens and organizations, including community and faith-based organizations, with experience and expertise in demand reduction;

(vii) private citizens and organizations with experience and expertise in supply reduction; and

(viii) appropriate representatives of foreign governments; and

(B) in satisfying the requirements of subparagraph (A), shall ensure, to the maximum extent possible, that State, local, and Tribal officials and relevant private organizations commit to support and take steps to achieve the goals and objectives of the National Drug Control Strategy.

(c) Contents of the National Drug Control Strategy

(1) In general

The National Drug Control Strategy submitted under subsection (a)(2) shall include the following:

(A) A mission statement detailing the major functions of the National Drug Control Program.

(B) Comprehensive, research-based, long-range, quantifiable goals for reducing illicit drug use, and the consequences of illicit drug use in the United States.

(C) Annual quantifiable and measurable objectives and specific targets to accomplish long-term quantifiable goals that the Director determines may be achieved during each year beginning on the date on which the National Drug Control Strategy is submitted.

(D) A 5-year projection for the National Drug Control Program and budget priorities.

(E) A review of international, State, local, and private sector drug control activities to ensure that the United States pursues coordinated and effective drug control at all levels of government.

(F) A description of how each goal established under subparagraph (B) will be achieved, including for each goal-

(i) a list of each relevant National Drug Control Program agency and each such agency's related programs, activities, and available assets and the role of each such program, activity, and asset in achieving such goal;

(ii) a list of relevant stakeholders and each such stakeholder's role in achieving such goal;

(iii) an estimate of Federal funding and other resources needed to achieve such goal;

(iv) a list of each existing or new coordinating mechanism needed to achieve such goal; and

(v) a description of the Office's role in facilitating the achievement of such goal.

(G) For each year covered by the Strategy, a performance evaluation plan for each goal established under subparagraph (B) for each National Drug Control Program agency, including-

(i) specific performance measures for each National Drug Control Program agency;

(ii) annual and, to the extent practicable, quarterly objectives and targets for each performance measure; and

(iii) an estimate of Federal funding and other resources needed to achieve each performance objective and target.

(H) A list identifying existing data sources or a description of data collection needed to evaluate performance, including a description of how the Director will obtain such data.

(I) A list of any anticipated challenges to achieving the National Drug Control Strategy goals and planned actions to address such challenges.

(J) A description of how each goal established under subparagraph (B) was determined, including-

(i) a description of each required consultation and a description of how such consultation was incorporated; and

(ii) data, research, or other information used to inform the determination to establish the goal.

(K) A description of the current prevalence of illicit drug use in the United States, including both the availability of illicit drugs and the prevalence of substance use disorders.

(L) Such other statistical data and information as the Director considers appropriate to demonstrate and assess trends relating to illicit drug use, the effects and consequences of illicit drug use (including the effects on children), supply reduction, demand reduction, drug-related law enforcement, and the implementation of the National Drug Control Strategy.

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