46 U.S.C. 70036 - Enforcement

Cite as:46 U.S.C. 70036
Currency:Current through P.L. 116-65 (10/09/2019)
 
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(a) CIVIL PENALTY.-

(1) IN GENERAL.-Any person who is found by the Secretary, after notice and an opportunity for a hearing, to have violated subchapters A through C 1 or this subchapter or a regulation issued under subchapters A through C 1 or this subchapter shall be liable to the United States for a civil penalty, not to exceed $25,000 for each violation. Each day of a continuing violation shall constitute a separate violation. The amount of such civil penalty shall be assessed by the Secretary, or the Secretary's designee, by written notice. In determining the amount of such penalty, the Secretary shall take into account the nature, circumstances, extent, and gravity of the prohibited acts committed and, with respect to the violator, the degree of culpability, any history of prior offenses, ability to pay, and such other matters as justice may require.

(2) COMPROMISE, MODIFICATION, OR REMISSION.-The Secretary may compromise, modify, or remit, with or without conditions, any civil penalty that is subject to imposition or that has been imposed under this section.

(3) FAILURE TO PAY PENALTY.-If any person fails to pay an assessment of a civil penalty after it has become final, the Secretary may refer the matter to the Attorney General of the United States, for collection in any appropriate district court of the United States.

(b) CRIMINAL PENALTY.-

(1) CLASS D FELONY.-Any person who willfully and knowingly violates subchapters A through C 1 or this subchapter or any regulation issued thereunder commits a class D felony.

(2) CLASS C FELONY.-Any person who, in the willful and knowing violation of subchapters A through C 1 or this subchapter or of any regulation issued thereunder, uses a dangerous weapon, or engages in conduct that causes bodily injury or fear of imminent bodily injury to any officer authorized to enforce the provisions of such a subchapter or the regulations issued under such subchapter, commits a class C felony.

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