12 U.S.C. § 24a - Financial subsidiaries of national banks
|Cite as:||12 U.S.C. § 24a|
|Currency:||Current through P.L. 116-135 (03/26/2020)|
(a) Authorization to conduct in subsidiaries certain activities that are financial in nature
(1) In general
Subject to paragraph (2), a national bank may control a financial subsidiary, or hold an interest in a financial subsidiary.
(2) Conditions and requirements
A national bank may control a financial subsidiary, or hold an interest in a financial subsidiary, only if-
(A) the financial subsidiary engages only in-
(i) activities that are financial in nature or incidental to a financial activity pursuant to subsection (b); and
(ii) activities that are permitted for national banks to engage in directly (subject to the same terms and conditions that govern the conduct of the activities by a national bank);
(B) the activities engaged in by the financial subsidiary as a principal do not include-
(i) insuring, guaranteeing, or indemnifying against loss, harm, damage, illness, disability, or death (except to the extent permitted under section 302 or 303(c) of the Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act [ 15 U.S.C. 6712 or 6713(c) ]) or providing or issuing annuities the income of which is subject to tax treatment under section 72 of title 26;
(ii) real estate development or real estate investment activities, unless otherwise expressly authorized by law; or
(iii) any activity permitted in subparagraph (H) or (I) of section 1843(k)(4) of this title, except activities described in section 1843(k)(4)(H) of this title that may be permitted in accordance with section 122 of the Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act;
(C) the national bank and each depository institution affiliate of the national bank are well capitalized and well managed;
(D) the aggregate consolidated total assets of all financial subsidiaries of the national bank do not exceed the lesser of-
(i) 45 percent of the consolidated total assets of the parent bank; or
(E) except as provided in paragraph (4), the national bank meets standards of credit-worthiness established by the Comptroller of the Currency or other requirement set forth in paragraph (3); and
(F) the national bank has received the approval of the Comptroller of the Currency for the financial subsidiary to engage in such activities, which approval shall be based solely upon the factors set forth in this section.
(A) In general
A national bank meets the requirements of this paragraph if the bank is one of the 100 largest insured banks and has not fewer than 1 issue of outstanding debt that meets standards of credit-worthiness or other criteria as the Secretary of the Treasury and the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System may jointly establish.
(B) Consolidated total assets
For purposes of this paragraph, the size of an insured bank shall be determined on the basis of the consolidated total assets of the bank as of the end of each calendar year.
(4) Financial agency subsidiary
The requirement in paragraph (2)(E) shall not apply with respect to the ownership or control of a financial subsidiary that engages in activities described in subsection (b)(1) solely as agent and not directly or indirectly as principal.
(5) Regulations required
Before the end of the 270-day period beginning on November 12, 1999, the Comptroller of the Currency shall, by regulation, prescribe procedures to implement this section.
(6) Indexed asset limit
The dollar amount contained in paragraph (2)(D) shall be adjusted according to an indexing mechanism jointly established by regulation by the Secretary of the Treasury and the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System.
(7) Coordination with section 1843(l)(2) of this title
Section 1843(l)(2) of this title applies to a national bank that controls a financial subsidiary in the manner provided in that section.
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