49 U.S.C. § 5310 - Formula grants for the enhanced mobility of seniors and individuals with disabilities
|Cite as:||49 U.S.C. § 5310|
|Currency:||Current through P.L. 116-158 (08/14/2020)|
(a) DEFINITIONS.-In this section, the following definitions shall apply:
(1) RECIPIENT.-The term "recipient" means-
(A) a designated recipient or a State that receives a grant under this section directly; or
(B) a State or local governmental entity that operates a public transportation service.
(2) SUBRECIPIENT.-The term "subrecipient" means a State or local governmental authority, a private nonprofit organization, or an operator of public transportation that receives a grant under this section indirectly through a recipient.
(b) GENERAL AUTHORITY.-
(1) GRANTS.-The Secretary may make grants under this section to recipients for-
(A) public transportation projects planned, designed, and carried out to meet the special needs of seniors and individuals with disabilities when public transportation is insufficient, inappropriate, or unavailable;
(B) public transportation projects that exceed the requirements of the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 ( 42 U.S.C. 12101 et seq.);
(C) public transportation projects that improve access to fixed route service and decrease reliance by individuals with disabilities on complementary paratransit; and
(D) alternatives to public transportation that assist seniors and individuals with disabilities with transportation.
(2) LIMITATIONS FOR CAPITAL PROJECTS.-
(A) AMOUNT AVAILABLE.-The amount available for capital projects under paragraph (1)(A) shall be not less than 55 percent of the funds apportioned to the recipient under this section.
(B) Allocation to subrecipients.-A recipient of a grant under paragraph (1)(A) may allocate the amounts provided under the grant to-
(i) a private nonprofit organization; or
(ii) a State or local governmental authority that-
(I) is approved by a State to coordinate services for seniors and individuals with disabilities; or
(II) certifies that there are no private nonprofit organizations readily available in the area to provide the services described in paragraph (1)(A).
(3) ADMINISTRATIVE EXPENSES.-A recipient may use not more than 10 percent of the amounts apportioned to the recipient under this section to administer, plan, and provide technical assistance for a project funded under this section.
(4) ELIGIBLE CAPITAL EXPENSES.-The acquisition of public transportation services is an eligible capital expense under this section.
(A) DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION.-To the maximum extent feasible, the Secretary shall coordinate activities under this section with related activities under other Federal departments and agencies.
(B) OTHER FEDERAL AGENCIES AND NONPROFIT ORGANIZATIONS.-A State or local governmental authority or nonprofit organization that receives assistance from Government sources (other than the Department of Transportation) for nonemergency transportation services shall-
(i) participate and coordinate with recipients of assistance under this chapter in the design and delivery of transportation services; and
(ii) participate in the planning for the transportation services described in clause (i).
(6) PROGRAM OF PROJECTS.-
(A) IN GENERAL.-Amounts made available to carry out this section may be used for transportation projects to assist in providing transportation services for seniors and individuals with disabilities, if such transportation projects are included in a program of projects.
(B) SUBMISSION.-A recipient shall annually submit a program of projects to the Secretary.
(C) ASSURANCE.-The program of projects submitted under subparagraph (B) shall contain an assurance that the program provides for the maximum feasible coordination of transportation services assisted under this section with transportation services assisted by other Government sources.
(7) MEAL DELIVERY FOR HOMEBOUND INDIVIDUALS.-A public transportation service provider that receives assistance under this section or section 5311(c) may coordinate and assist in regularly providing meal delivery service for homebound individuals, if the delivery service does not conflict with providing public transportation service or reduce service to public transportation passengers.
(c) APPORTIONMENT AND TRANSFERS.-
(1) FORMULA.-The Secretary shall apportion amounts made available to carry out this section as follows:
(A) LARGE URBANIZED AREAS.-Sixty percent of the funds shall be apportioned among designated recipients for urbanized areas with a population of 200,000 or more individuals, as determined by the Bureau of the Census, in the ratio that-
(i) the number of seniors and individuals with disabilities in each such urbanized area; bears to
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