49 U.S.C. § 5323 - General provisions
|Cite as:||49 U.S.C. § 5323|
|Currency:||Current through P.L. 116-158 (08/14/2020)|
(a) INTERESTS IN PROPERTY.-
(1) IN GENERAL.-Financial assistance provided under this chapter to a State or a local governmental authority may be used to acquire an interest in, or to buy property of, a private company engaged in public transportation, for a capital project for property acquired from a private company engaged in public transportation after July 9, 1964, or to operate a public transportation facility or equipment in competition with, or in addition to, transportation service provided by an existing public transportation company, only if-
(A) the Secretary determines that such financial assistance is essential to a program of projects required under sections 5303, 5304, and 5306;
(B) the Secretary determines that the program provides for the participation of private companies engaged in public transportation to the maximum extent feasible; and
(C) just compensation under State or local law will be paid to the company for its franchise or property.
(2) LIMITATION.-A governmental authority may not use financial assistance of the United States Government to acquire land, equipment, or a facility used in public transportation from another governmental authority in the same geographic area.
(b) RELOCATION AND REAL PROPERTY REQUIREMENTS.-The Uniform Relocation Assistance and Real Property Acquisition Policies Act of 1970 ( 42 U.S.C. 4601 et seq.) shall apply to financial assistance for capital projects under this chapter.
(c) CONSIDERATION OF ECONOMIC, SOCIAL, AND ENVIRONMENTAL INTERESTS.-
(1) COOPERATION AND CONSULTATION.-The Secretary shall cooperate and consult with the Secretary of the Interior and the Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency on each project that may have a substantial impact on the environment.
(2) COMPLIANCE WITH NEPA.-The National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 ( 42 U.S.C. 4321 et seq.) shall apply to financial assistance for capital projects under this chapter.
(d) CONDITION ON CHARTER BUS TRANSPORTATION SERVICE.-
(1) AGREEMENTS.-Financial assistance under this chapter may be used to buy or operate a bus only if the applicant, governmental authority, or publicly owned operator that receives the assistance agrees that, except as provided in the agreement, the governmental authority or an operator of public transportation for the governmental authority will not provide charter bus transportation service outside the urban area in which it provides regularly scheduled public transportation service. An agreement shall provide for a fair arrangement the Secretary of Transportation considers appropriate to ensure that the assistance will not enable a governmental authority or an operator for a governmental authority to foreclose a private operator from providing intercity charter bus service if the private operator can provide the service.
(A) INVESTIGATIONS.-On receiving a complaint about a violation of the agreement required under paragraph (1), the Secretary shall investigate and decide whether a violation has occurred.
(B) ENFORCEMENT OF AGREEMENTS.-If the Secretary decides that a violation has occurred, the Secretary shall correct the violation under terms of the agreement.
(C) ADDITIONAL REMEDIES.-In addition to any remedy specified in the agreement, the Secretary shall bar a recipient or an operator from receiving Federal transit assistance in an amount the Secretary considers appropriate if the Secretary finds a pattern of violations of the agreement.
(e) BOND PROCEEDS ELIGIBLE FOR LOCAL SHARE.-
(1) USE AS LOCAL MATCHING FUNDS.-Notwithstanding any other provision of law, a recipient of assistance under section 5307, 5309, or 5337 may use the proceeds from the issuance of revenue bonds as part of the local matching funds for a capital project.
(2) MAINTENANCE OF EFFORT.-The Secretary shall approve of the use of the proceeds from the issuance of revenue bonds for the remainder of the net project cost only if the Secretary finds that the aggregate amount of financial support for public transportation in the urbanized area provided by the State and affected local governmental authorities during the next 3 fiscal years, as programmed in the State transportation improvement program under section 5304, is not less than the aggregate amount provided by the State and affected local governmental authorities in the urbanized area during the preceding 3 fiscal years.
(3) DEBT SERVICE RESERVE.-The Secretary may reimburse an eligible recipient for deposits of bond proceeds in a debt service reserve that the recipient establishes pursuant to section 5302(3)(J) from amounts made available to the recipient under section 5309.
(f) SCHOOLBUS TRANSPORTATION.-
(1) AGREEMENTS.-Financial assistance under this chapter may be used for a capital project, or to operate public transportation equipment or a public transportation facility, only if the applicant agrees not to provide schoolbus transportation that exclusively transports students and school personnel in competition with a private schoolbus operator. This subsection does not apply-
(A) to an applicant that operates a school system in the area to be served and a separate and exclusive schoolbus program for the school system; and
(B) unless a private schoolbus operator can provide adequate transportation that complies with applicable safety standards at reasonable rates.
(2) VIOLATIONS.-If the Secretary finds that an applicant, governmental authority, or publicly owned operator has violated the agreement required under paragraph (1), the Secretary shall bar a recipient or an operator from receiving Federal transit assistance in an amount the Secretary considers appropriate.
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