10 U.S.C. § 2583 - Military animals: transfer and adoption
|Cite as:||10 U.S.C. § 2583|
|Currency:||Current through P.L. 116-135 (03/26/2020)|
(a) AVAILABILITY FOR TRANSFER OR ADOPTION.-The Secretary of the military department concerned shall make a military animal of such military department available for transfer or adoption by a person or entity referred to in subsection (c), unless the animal has been determined to be unsuitable for transfer or adoption under subsection (b), under circumstances as follows:
(1) At the end of the animal's useful life.
(2) Before the end of the animal's useful life, if such Secretary, in such Secretary's discretion, determines that unusual or extraordinary circumstances, including circumstances under which the handler of a military working dog is killed in action, dies of wounds received in action, or is medically retired as a result of injuries received in action, justify making the animal available for transfer or adoption before that time.
(3) When the animal is otherwise excess to the needs of such military department.
(b) SUITABILITY FOR TRANSFER OR ADOPTION.-The decision whether a particular military animal is suitable or unsuitable for transfer or adoption under this section shall be made by the commander of the last unit to which the animal is assigned before being declared excess. The unit commander shall consider the recommendations of the unit's veterinarian in making the decision regarding the transferability or adoptability of the animal.
(c) AUTHORIZED RECIPIENTS.-
(1) A military animal shall be made available for transfer or adoption under this section, in order of recommended priority, by-
(A) adoption by former handlers of the animal;
(B) adoption by other persons or organizations capable of humanely caring for the animal; and
(C) transfer to law enforcement agencies.
(2) If the Secretary of the military department concerned determines that an adoption is justified under subsection (a)(2) under circumstances under which the handler of a military working dog is wounded in action, the dog shall be made available for adoption only by the handler. If the Secretary of the military department concerned determines that such an adoption is justified under circumstances under which the handler of a military working dog is killed in action or dies of wounds received in action, the military working dog shall be made available for adoption only by a parent, child, spouse, or sibling of the deceased handler.
(d) CONSIDERATION.-The transfer of a military animal under this section may be without charge to the recipient.
(e) LIMITATIONS ON LIABILITY FOR TRANSFERRED OR ADOPTED ANIMALS.-
(1) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the United States shall not be subject to any suit, claim, demand or action, liability, judgment, cost, or other fee arising out of any claim for personal injury or property damage (including death, illness, or loss of or damage to property or other economic loss) that results from, or is in any manner predicated upon, the act or omission of a former military animal transferred or adopted under this section, including any training provided to the animal while a military animal.
(2) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the United States shall not be liable for any veterinary expense associated with a military animal transferred or adopted under this section for a condition of the military animal before transfer or adoption under this section, whether or not such condition is known at the time of transfer or adoption under this section.
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