54 U.S.C. § 320301 National Monuments

LibraryUnited States Statutes
Edition2023 Edition
CurrencyCurrent through P.L. 118-19 (published on www.congress.gov on 10/06/2023)

(a) PRESIDENTIAL DECLARATION.-The President may, in the President's discretion, declare by public proclamation historic landmarks, historic and prehistoric structures, and other objects of historic or scientific interest that are situated on land owned or controlled by the Federal Government to be national monuments.

(b) RESERVATION OF LAND.-The President may reserve parcels of land as a part of the national monuments. The limits of the parcels shall be confined to the smallest area compatible with the proper care and management of the objects to be protected.

(c) RELINQUISHMENT TO FEDERAL GOVERNMENT.-When an object is situated on a parcel covered by a bona fide unperfected claim or held in private ownership, the parcel, or so much of the parcel as may be necessary for the proper care and management of the object, may be relinquished to the Federal Government and the Secretary may accept the relinquishment of the parcel on behalf of the Federal Government.

(d) LIMITATION ON EXTENSION OR ESTABLISHMENT OF NATIONAL MONUMENTS IN WYOMING.-No extension or establishment of national monuments in Wyoming may be undertaken except by express authorization of Congress.

<TABLE> <TR><TD colspan="3">HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES</TD> </TR> <TR> <TD>Revised <para>Section</para> </TD> <TD>Source (U.S. Code)</TD> <TD>Source (Statutes at Large)</TD> </TR> <TR> <TD>320301(a) through (c)</TD> <TD> <codecitation statecd="US" datatype="S" title="16">16 U.S.C. <codesec>431</codesec></codecitation>.</TD> <TD> <actcitation href="" statecd="US" sessionyear="3060" actaltid="3060">June 8, 1906ch. <actid>3060</actid></actcitation>, <actseccitation href="" statecd="US" sessionyear="3060" actaltid="3060">§<actsec>2</actsec>June 8, 1906</actseccitation>, 34 Stat. 225.</TD> </TR> <TR> <TD>320301(d)</TD> <TD> <codecitation statecd="US" datatype="S" title="16">16 U.S.C. <codesec>431a</codesec></codecitation>.</TD> <TD>Sept. 14, 1950, ch. 950, §1 (proviso relating to national monuments), 64 Stat. 849.</TD> </TR> </TABLE>

<TABLE> <TR><TD>NATIONAL MONUMENTS ESTABLISHED UNDER PRESIDENTIAL PROCLAMATION</TD> </TR> <TR> <TD>Ackia Battleground National Monument, Mississippi [see section <codecitation statecd="US" sessionyear="2023" datatype="S" title="16"><codesec>450r</codesec></codecitation> of Title 16, Conservation].-Proc. No. 2307, Oct. 25, 1938, 53 Stat. 2494.</TD> </TR> <TR> <TD>Admiralty Island National Monument, Alaska [Monument established within Tongass National Forest by Pub. L. 96-487, title V, §503(b), Dec. 2, 1980, 94 Stat. 2399; <actcitation href="" statecd="US" sessionyear="1996" actaltid="104-123">Pub. L. <actid>104-123</actid></actcitation>, 110 Stat. 879; <actcitation href="" statecd="US" sessionyear="1997" actaltid="105-60">Pub. L. <actid>105-60</actid></actcitation>, 111 Stat. 1269].-Proc. No. 4611, Dec. 1, 1978, 93 Stat. 1446.</TD> </TR> <TR> <TD>African Burial Ground National Monument, New York.-Proc. No. 7984, Feb. 27, 2006, 71 F.R. 10793.</TD> </TR> <TR> <TD>Agua Fria National Monument, Arizona.-Proc. No. 7263, Jan. 11, 2000, 65 F.R. 2817.</TD> </TR> <TR> <TD>Andrew Johnson National Monument, Tennessee [Monument redesignated Andrew Johnson National Historical Site, see section <codecitation statecd="US" sessionyear="2023" datatype="S" title="16"><codesec>450o</codesec></codecitation> of Title 16, Conservation].-Proc. No. 2554, Apr. 27, 1942, 56 Stat. 1955.</TD> </TR> <TR> <TD>Aniakchak National Monument, Alaska [Monument established as unit of National Park System, see section <codecitation statecd="US" sessionyear="2023" datatype="S" title="16"><codesec>410hh<subdiv>(1)</subdiv></codesec></codecitation> of Title 16, Conservation].-Proc. No. 4612, Dec. 1, 1978, 93 Stat. 1448.</TD> </TR> <TR> <TD>Arches National Monument, Utah [Monument abolished and funds made available to Arches National Park, see section <codecitation statecd="US" sessionyear="2023" datatype="S" title="16"><codesec>272</codesec></codecitation> of Title 16, Conservation].-Proc. No. 1875, Apr. 12, 1929, 46 Stat. 2988; Proc. No. 2312, Nov. 25, 1938, 53 Stat. 2504; Proc. No. 3360, July 22, 1960, 74 Stat. C79; Proc. No. 3887, Jan. 20, 1969, 83 Stat. 920.</TD> </TR> <TR> <TD>Aztec Ruins National Monument, New Mexico.-Proc. No. 1650, Jan. 24, 1923, 42 Stat. 2295; Proc. No. 1840, July 2, 1928, 45 Stat. 2954; Proc. No. 1928, Dec. 19, 1930, 46 Stat. 3040; Proc. No. 2787, May 27, 1948, 62 Stat. 1513; Pub. L. 100-559, title VI, §§601-604, Oct. 28, 1988, 102 Stat. 2800.</TD> </TR> <TR> <TD>Badlands National Monument, South Dakota [Monument redesignated Badlands National Park, see section <codecitation statecd="US" sessionyear="2023" datatype="S" title="16"><codesec>441e-1</codesec></codecitation> of Title 16, Conservation].-Proc. No. 2320, Jan. 25, 1939, 53 Stat. 2521.</TD> </TR> <TR> <TD>Bandelier National Monument, New Mexico.-Proc. No. 1322, Feb. 11, 1916, 39 Stat. 1764; Proc. No. 1991, Feb. 25, 1932, 47 Stat. 2503; Proc. No. 3388, Jan. 9, 1961, 75 Stat. 1014; Proc. No. 3539, May 27, 1963, 77 Stat. 1006; Pub. L. 94-578, title III, §309, Oct. 21, 1976, 90 Stat. 2736; <actcitation href="" statecd="US" sessionyear="1997" actaltid="105-85">Pub. L. <actid>105-85</actid></actcitation>, <actseccitation href="" statecd="US" sessionyear="1997" actaltid="105-85">div. C, title XXXI, §<actsec>3164</actsec>3164,</actseccitation>, 111 Stat. 2050; <actcitation href="" statecd="US" sessionyear="1998" actaltid="105-376">Pub. L. <actid>105-376</actid></actcitation>, 112 Stat. 3388.</TD> </TR> <TR> <TD>Basin and Range National Monument, Nevada.-Proc. No. 9297, July 10, 2015, 80 F.R. 41969.</TD> </TR> <TR> <TD>Bears Ears National Monument, Utah.-Proc. No. 9558, Dec. 28, 2016, 82 F.R. 1139; Ex. Ord. No. 13811, §1(dd), Sept. 29, 2017, 82 F.R. 46364; Proc. No. 9681, Dec. 4, 2017, 82 F.R. 58081; Ex. Ord. No. 13889, §1(aa), Sept. 27, 2019, 84 F.R. 52744; Ex. Ord. No. 14048, §1(aa), Sept. 30, 2021, 86 F.R. 55466; Proc. No. 10285, Oct. 8, 2021, 86 F.R. 57321.</TD> </TR> <TR> <TD>Becharof National Monument, Alaska.-Proc. No. 4613, Dec. 1, 1978, 93 Stat. 1450.</TD> </TR> <TR> <TD>Belmont-Paul Women's Equality National Monument, District of Columbia.-Proc. No. 9423, Apr. 12, 2016, 81 F.R. 22505.</TD> </TR> <TR> <TD>Bering Land Bridge National Monument, Alaska.-Proc. No. 4614, Dec. 1, 1978, 93 Stat. 1451.</TD> </TR> <TR> <TD>Berryessa Snow Mountain National Monument, California.-Proc. No. 9298, July 10, 2015, 80 F.R. 41975.</TD> </TR> <TR> <TD>Big Hole Battlefield National Monument, Montana [Monument redesignated Big Hole National Battlefield, see section <codecitation statecd="US" sessionyear="2023" datatype="S" title="16"><codesec>430uu</codesec></codecitation> of Title 16, Conservation].-Ex. Ord. No. 1216, June 23, 1910; Proc. No. 2339, June 29, 1939, 53 Stat. 2544.</TD> </TR> <TR> <TD>Birmingham Civil Rights National Monument, Alabama.-Proc. No. 9565, Jan. 12, 2017, 82 F.R. 6151.</TD> </TR> <TR> <TD>Black Canyon of the Gunnison National Monument, Colorado [Monument abolished and lands incorporated in, and funds made available for, Black Canyon of the Gunnison National Park, see section <codecitation statecd="US" sessionyear="2023" datatype="S" title="16"><codesec>410fff-2</codesec></codecitation> of Title 16, Conservation].-Proc. No. 2033, Mar. 2, 1933, 47 Stat. 2558; Proc. No. 2286, May 16, 1938, 52 Stat. 1548; Proc. No. 2372, Oct. 28, 1939, 54 Stat. 2669; Proc. No. 3344, Apr. 8, 1960, 74 Stat. C56; Pub. L. 98-357, July 13, 1984, 98 Stat. 397.</TD> </TR> <TR> <TD>Browns Canyon National Monument, Colorado.-Proc. No. 9232, Feb. 19, 2015, 80 F.R. 9975.</TD> </TR> <TR> <TD>Bryce Canyon National Monument, Utah.-Proc. No. 1664, June 8, 1923, 43 Stat. 1914; Proc. No. 1930, Jan. 5, 1931, 46 Stat. 3042; Proc. No. 1952, May 4, 1931, 47 Stat. 2455.</TD> </TR> <TR> <TD>Buck Island Reef National Monument, Virgin Islands.-Proc. No. 3443, Dec. 28, 1961, 76 Stat. 1441; Proc. No. 4346, Feb. 1, 1975, 89 Stat. 1237; Proc. No. 4359, Mar. 28, 1975, 89 Stat. 1254; Proc. No. 7392, Jan. 17, 2001, 66 F.R. 7335.</TD> </TR> <TR> <TD>Cabrillo National Monument, California.-Proc. No. 1255, Oct. 14, 1913, 38 Stat. 1965; Proc. No. 3273, Feb. 2, 1959, 73 Stat. C19; Proc. No. 4319, Sept. 28, 1974, 88 Stat. 2514.</TD> </TR> <TR> <TD>California Coastal National Monument, California.-Proc. No. 7264, Jan. 11, 2000, 65 F.R. 2821; Proc. No. 9089, Mar. 11, 2014, 79 F.R. 14603; Proc. No. 9563, Jan. 12, 2017, 82 F.R. 6131.</TD> </TR> <TR> <TD>Camp Hale-Continental Divide National Monument, Colorado.-Proc. No. 10476, Oct. 12, 2022, 87 F.R. 63381.</TD> </TR> <TR> <TD>Camp Nelson National Monument, Kentucky.-Proc. No. 9811, Oct. 26, 2018, 83 F.R. 54845.</TD> </TR> <TR> <TD>Canyon De Chelly National Monument, Arizona [see section <codecitation statecd="US" sessionyear="2023" datatype="S" title="16"><codesec>445</codesec></codecitation> of Title 16, Conservation].-Proc. No. 1945, Apr. 1, 1931, 47 Stat. 2448; Proc. No. 2036, Mar. 3, 1933, 47 Stat. 2562.</TD> </TR> <TR> <TD>Canyons of the Ancients National Monument, Colorado.-Proc. No. 7317, June 9, 2000, 65 F.R. 37243.</TD> </TR> <TR> <TD>Cape Krusenstern National Monument, Alaska [Monument established as unit of National Park System, see section <codecitation statecd="US" sessionyear="2023" datatype="S" title="16"><codesec>410hh<subdiv>(3)</subdiv></codesec></codecitation> of Title 16, Conservation].-Proc. No. 4615, Dec. 1, 1978, 93 Stat. 1453.</TD> </TR> <TR> <TD>Capitol Reef National Monument, Utah [Monument abolished and funds made available to Capitol Reef National Park, see section <codecitation statecd="US" sessionyear="2023" datatype="S" title="16"><codesec>273</codesec></codecitation> of Title 16, Conservation].-Proc. No. 2246, Aug. 2, 1937, 50 Stat. 1856; Proc. No. 3249, July 2, 1958, 72 Stat. C48; Proc. No. 3888, Jan. 20, 1969, 83 Stat. 922.</TD> </TR> <TR> <TD>Capulin Mountain National Monument, New Mexico [Monument redesignated Capulin Volcano National Monument by Pub. L. 100-225, title V, §506(g), Dec. 31, 1987, 101 Stat. 1547].-Proc. No. 1340, Aug. 9, 1916, 39 Stat. 1792.</TD> </TR> <TR> <TD>Capulin Volcano National Monument, New Mexico [Monument changed from Capulin Mountain National Monument, see section <codecitation statecd="US" sessionyear="2023" datatype="S" title="16"><codesec>460uu-46<subdiv>(g)</subdiv></codesec></codecitation> of Title 16, Conservation].-Proc. No. 1340, Aug. 9, 1916, 39 Stat. 1792; Pub. L. 87-635, Sept. 5, 1962, 76 Stat. 436; Pub. L. 100-225, title V, §506(g), Dec. 31, 1987, 101 Stat. 1547.</TD> </TR> <TR> <TD>Carlsbad Cave National Monument, New Mexico [Monument redesignated Carlsbad Caverns National Park, see section <codecitation statecd="US" sessionyear="2023" datatype="S" title="16"><codesec>407</codesec></codecitation> of Title 16, Conservation].-Proc. No. 1679, Oct. 25, 1923, 43 Stat. 1929.</TD> </TR> <TR> <TD>Carrizo Plain National Monument, California.-Proc. No. 7393, Jan. 17, 2001, 66 F.R. 7339.</TD> </TR> <TR> <TD>Casa Grande National Monument, Arizona.-Proc. No. 1470, Aug. 3, 1918, 40 Stat. 1818.</TD> </TR> <TR> <TD>Cascade-Siskiyou National Monument, Oregon.-Proc. No. 7318, June 9, 2000, 65 F.R. 37249; <actcitation href="" statecd="US" sessionyear="2009" actaltid="111-11">Pub. L. <actid>111-11</actid></actcitation>, <actseccitation href="" statecd="US" sessionyear="2009" actaltid="111-11">title I, §§<actsec>1401</actsec>1406,</actseccitation> - <actseccitation href="" statecd="US" sessionyear="2009" actaltid="111-11"><actsec>1406</actsec>1406,</actseccitation>, 123 Stat. 1026-1031; Proc. No. 9564, Jan. 12, 2017, 82 F.R. 6145.</TD> </TR> <TR> <TD>Castillo de San Marcos National Monument, Florida [Monument changed from Fort Marion National Monument by act June 5, 1942, ch. 337, 56 Stat. 312].-Proc. No. 1713, Oct. 15, 1924, 43 Stat. 1968; <actcitation href="" statecd="US" sessionyear="2004" actaltid="108-480">Pub. L. <actid>108-480</actid></actcitation>, 118 Stat. 3907.</TD> </TR> <TR> <TD>Castle Mountains National Monument, California.-Proc. No. 9394, Feb. 12, 2016, 81 F.R. 8365.</TD> </TR> <TR> <TD>Castle Pinckney National Monument, South Carolina.-Proc. No. 1713, Oct. 15, 1924, 43 Stat. 1968.</TD> </TR> <TR> <TD>Cedar Breaks National Monument, Utah.-Proc. No. 2054, Aug. 22, 1933, 48 Stat. 1705.</TD> </TR> <TR> <TD>Cesar E. Chavez National Monument, California.-Proc. No. 8884, Oct. 8, 2012, 77 F.R. 62413.</TD> </TR> <TR> <TD>Chaco Canyon National Monument, New Mexico [Monument abolished and funds made available to Chaco Culture National Historical Park, see section <codecitation statecd="US" sessionyear="2023" datatype="S" title="16"><codesec>410ii-1<subdiv>(a)</subdiv></codesec></codecitation> of Title 16, Conservation].-Proc. No. 740, Mar. 11, 1907, 35 Stat. 2119; Proc. No. 1826, Jan. 10, 1928, 45 Stat. 2937.</TD> </TR> <TR> <TD>Channel Islands National Monument, California [Monument abolished and incorporated in Channel Islands National Park, see section <codecitation statecd="US" sessionyear="2023" datatype="S" title="16"><codesec>410ff</codesec></codecitation> of Title 16, Conservation].-Proc. No. 2281, Apr. 26, 1938, 52 Stat. 1541; Proc. No. 2825, Feb. 9, 1949, 63 Stat. 1258; Pub. L. 93-477, title IV, §401, Oct. 26, 1974, 88 Stat. 1447; Pub. L. 94-578, title II, §201(9), Oct. 21, 1976, 90 Stat. 2733.</TD> </TR> <TR> <TD>Charles Young Buffalo Soldiers National Monument, Ohio.-Proc. No. 8945, Mar. 25, 2013, 78 F.R. 18777.</TD> </TR> <TR> <TD>Chesapeake and Ohio Canal National Monument, Maryland.-Proc. No. 3391, Jan. 18, 1961, 75 Stat. 1023.</TD> </TR> <TR> <TD>Chimney Rock National Monument, Colorado.-Proc. No. 8868, Sept. 21, 2012, 77 F.R. 59275.</TD> </TR> <TR> <TD>Chiricahua National Monument, Arizona.-Proc. No. 1692, Apr. 18, 1924, 43 Stat. 1946; Proc. No. 2288, June 10, 1938, 52 Stat. 1551.</TD> </TR> <TR> <TD>Cinder Cone National Monument, California.-Proc. No. 753, May 6, 1907, 35 Stat. 2131.</TD> </TR> <TR> <TD>Colonial National Monument, Virginia [Monument redesignated Colonial National Historical Park, see section <codecitation statecd="US" sessionyear="2023" datatype="S" title="16"><codesec>81</codesec></codecitation> of Title 16, Conservation].-Proc. No. 1929, Dec. 30, 1930, 46 Stat. 3041; Proc. No. 2055, Aug. 22, 1933, 48 Stat. 1706.</TD> </TR> <TR> <TD>Colorado National Monument, Colorado.-Proc. No. 1126, May 24, 1911, 37 Stat. 1681; Proc. No. 2...

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