31 U.S.C. § 3728 Setoff Against Judgment

LibraryUnited States Statutes
CurrencyCurrent through P.L. 118-34 (published on www.congress.gov on 12/26/2023), except for [P. L. 118-31]
Citation31 U.S.C. § 3728

(a) The Secretary of the Treasury shall withhold paying that part of a judgment against the United States Government presented to the Secretary that is equal to a debt the plaintiff owes the Government.

(b) The Secretary shall-

(1) discharge the debt if the plaintiff agrees to the setoff and discharges a part of the judgment equal to the debt; or


(A) withhold payment of an additional amount the Secretary decides will cover legal costs of bringing a civil action for the debt if the plaintiff denies the debt or does not agree to the setoff; and

(B) have a civil action brought if one has not already been brought.

(c) If the Government loses a civil action to recover a debt or recovers less than the amount the Secretary withholds under this section, the Secretary shall pay the plaintiff the balance and interest of 6 percent for the time the money is withheld.

<TABLE> <TR><TD colspan="3">HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES</TD> </TR> <TR> <TD>Revised Section</TD> <TD>Source (U.S. Code)</TD> <TD>Source (Statutes at Large)</TD> </TR> <TR> <TD>3728(a)</TD> <TD>31:227(1st sentence words before semicolon).</TD> <TD>Mar. 3, 1875, ch. 149, 18 Stat. 481; restated Mar. 3, 1933, ch. 212, §13, 47 Stat. 1516.</TD> </TR> <TR> <TD>3728(b)</TD> <TD>31:227(1st sentence words after semicolon, 2d, 3d sentences).</TD> <TD/> </TR> <TR> <TD>3728(c)</TD> <TD>31:227(last sentence).</TD> <TD/> </TR> </TABLE>

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